Official Inspection Station for NC.Oil Change ShopMajor mechanical repair, custom builds and more.

Official Safety and Emissions Inspection Station.

Oil Changes and General Maintenance.

Major Mechanicals, Custom Builds, Drive Axles.

Auto Repair Services:



More :

 Customer Service

Contact Us
Call the Shop
List of Services
News Blog
RSS Feed
Our Reviews

Repair Services

Regular Maintenance
Engine Repair
NC State Inspections
Brakes and Alignment
Oil Changes
Custom Builds

Legal / Terms:

Privacy Policy
Terms of Use

Contact Web Master for Website Comments.

Site Map

© Ten Ten Auto Repair
Apex, NC.

Member Apex Chamber of Commerce. Official NC Inspection Station      919.367.6433


Apex, Cary, Raleigh, Holly Springs

View Blog

Recent Posts






Business Hours

ContactPhotosNews Blog

Read/Add reviews on Facebook.

Brake Repair and Maintenance Apex, Cary, Holly Springs

Brakes are based on the fundamentals of hydraulics, hydraulic fluid has a low compression rate meaning, when compressed, there’s little movement.  Other fluids like water or motor oil have different compression attributes.  When you put your foot on the brake pedal, you’re compressing fluid to transfer that pressure to the pads, its the pads that pinch the rotor (the shiny disk) and it’s this pinch (compression) that slows the wheel and stops the car.


Master Cylinder

The master cylinder hold the hydraulic fluid and the piston that forces the fluid to compress when you put your foot down on the brake pedal.  Your foot is causing the master cylinder to move the piston and push the fluid to the pads.

Brake Lines and Hoses

Steel brake lines and high pressure rubber hoses carry the compressed fluid to the pads that pinch the rotors.

Wheel Cylinders and Calipers

These are the hydraulic cylinders that apply pressure to the pads and rotors, causing your car to stop.

Friction Materials

Disk Brake Rotor and Caliper

Brake Pads and Drum Brake Shoes

These brake linings are composed of high temperature materials that create the friction and compression that slows the wheel and ultimately stops your car.

Types of Brakes

Disc Brakes

Disc brakes consist of a Rotor (the shinny disc behind the wheel), which is also attached to the wheel, and a Caliper, which holds the Disc Brake Pads. Hydraulic pressure from the Master Cylinder causes the Caliper Piston to clamp the Disc Brake Rotor between the Disc Brake Pads. This creates friction between the pads and rotor, causing your car to slow down or stop.

Drum Brakes

Drum brakes consist of a Brake Drum attached to the wheel, a Wheel Cylinder, Brake Shoes and Brake Return Springs. Hydraulic pressure from the Master Cylinder causes the Wheel Cylinder to press the Brake Shoes against the Brake Drum. This creates friction between the shoes and drum to slow or stop your car.

Parking Brake

The Parking Brake uses Cables to mechanically apply the brakes (usually the rear brake.) This is used to prevent the car from rolling when not being driven.

Anti-Lock Brakes: A System Built For Safety

Computer-controlled anti-lock braking systems (ABS) was a developed safety feature. When sudden stops are made, the ABS prevents wheel lock-up.

Just like a pulsating caliper, the speed sensor detects the wheel moved and will release if the wheel locks, it calculates this pulse many times and in factions of seconds.  Odds are you’ve already experienced it working, but it happened so fast you didn't even know it.  Sometimes you can feel a vibration in the pedal when activated during a hard stop or on sand/gravel/snow.

Brake Repair, Brake Replacement

Brakes can be maintained, pads, rotors and lines can be inspected and services before more damage is done.

Grinding noises is never a good sign and cost more to repair.